What is the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)?

What is the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)?

What is the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP)?

The Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a protocol, or technical standard, for using a desktop computer remotely. Remote desktop software can use several different protocols, including RDP, Independent Computing Architecture (ICA), and virtual network computing (VNC), but RDP is the most commonly used protocol. RDP was initially released by Microsoft and is available for most Windows operating systems, but it can be used with Mac operating systems too.

What does ‘remote desktop’ mean?

Remote desktop is the ability to connect with and use a faraway desktop computer from a separate computer. Remote desktop users can access their desktop, open and edit files, and use applications as if they were actually sitting at their desktop computer. Employees often use remote desktop software to access their work computers when they are traveling or working from home.

Remote desktop access is very different from cloud computing, even though both allow employees to work remotely. In cloud computing, users access files and applications that are stored in the cloud — specifically, in cloud servers. In contrast, when using remote desktop software, users are actually accessing their physical desktop computer, and can only use files and applications saved locally on that desktop. Cloud computing is sometimes easier to use and more efficient to implement for remote workforces, but many companies have not migrated to the cloud, or cannot for security or regulatory reasons.

How does RDP work?

Think of a remote-controlled drone or toy car. The user presses buttons and steers the drone or car from afar, and their commands are transmitted to the vehicle. Using RDP is somewhat like that: the user’s mouse movements and keystrokes are transmitted to their desktop computer remotely, but over the Internet instead of over radio waves. The user’s desktop is displayed on the computer they are connecting from, just as if they were sitting in front of it.

The RDP protocol opens a dedicated network channel for sending data back and forth between the connected machines (the remote desktop and the computer currently in use). It always uses network port 3389 for this purpose. Mouse movements, keystrokes, the desktop display, and all other necessary data are sent over this channel via TCP/IP, which is the transport protocol used for most types of Internet traffic. RDP also encrypts all data so that connections over the public Internet are more secure.

Because keyboard and mouse activity have to be encrypted and transmitted over the Internet, which takes a few milliseconds, and because the desktop display has to be transmitted back to the user, slight delays often occur. For instance, if a user double-clicks on an application to open it, the “double click” may not take place for a few milliseconds as the user’s action is transmitted to the desktop before being carried out. Then, when the application opens, there may be another short delay while the display is transmitted back to the user.

What are the pros and cons of using RDP?

There are several advantages to RDP. One advantage is that it does not require a VPN. It also keeps data stored securely on the user’s desktop, instead of storing it on cloud servers or on the user’s unsecured personal devices. Furthermore, RDP enables companies with a legacy on-premises IT setup to allow their employees to work from home.

However, RDP may cause users to experience lag, especially if their local Internet connection is slow. This can frustrate remote employees and cut down on their productivity. RDP also has some serious security vulnerabilities that leave it open to cyber-attacks.)

What is RDP Server?

Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) server software allows the Microsoft Remote Desktop Services (RDS) role in Windows Server OS to communicate with the RDS Client. Microsoft RDS role can be enabled on most editions of Windows Server OS. With Microsoft RDP server protocol, IT administrators can provide encrypted remote access to hosted desktops and applications on the server when using Microsoft RDS

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a proprietary protocol developed by Microsoft which provides a user with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection. The user employs RDP client software for this purpose, while the other computer must run RDP server software.

Clients exist for most versions of Microsoft Windows (including Windows Mobile), Linux, Unix, macOS, iOS, Android, and other operating systems. RDP servers are built into Windows operating systems; an RDP server for Unix and OS X also exists. By default, the server listens on TCP port 3389 and UDP port 3389.

Microsoft currently refers to their official RDP client software as Remote Desktop Connection, formerly “Terminal Services Client”.

The protocol is an extension of the ITU-T T.128 application sharing protocol. Microsoft makes some specifications public on their website.

The Differences Between RDP & VPN?

The most important thing to know about the difference between VPN vs remote desktop solutions is that they are functionally different things. There are other differences, like security vulnerabilities and levels of flexibility and control, but understanding what each one does will help you decide which solution will be best for you.

What is a VPN?

VPN stands for Virtual Private Network. Essentially, a VPN creates a smaller, private network on top of a larger public network – most commonly the internet. The VPN can have specific settings and allow for more shared access among the devices connected to it.

A VPN also allows applications that only work on local networks to be accessed through the internet once you’re logged into the VPN. So, let’s say you have a special printer in your office that’s connected to your office’s local network. If you’re out in the field and need to print something, typically you’d have to wait until you’re back and can connect to the network directly.

With a VPN, you’d be able to virtually login to your office’s local network and print as if you were there. One thing to keep in mind as you consider VPN vs remote desktop solutions is that VPNs only offer access to resources that are already shared on the network. There isn’t much flexibility.

Once you set up shared resources on the VPN – like printers, servers, or shared folders – you would have remote access to them. But if you forget to share a folder you need remote access to before you leave the office, you won’t be able to retroactively share the folder remotely with your VPN. Once it’s set up, that’s the way it stays.

What is RDP or Remote Desktop?

RDP stands for Remote Desktop Protocol and is sometimes just referred to as Remote Desktop. It’s the commonly used name for a group of applications that allow you to access computers or devices from a remote location.

Remote desktop solutions are becoming more and more common with the increased prevalence of distributed workforces and more employees regularly working from home. It’s perfect for people who are frequently on the go, work out of a home office, or are often out in the field and need access to their local desktop computer.

Sometimes referred to as “screen sharing,” remote desktop can give you full access to your desktop computer from anywhere with an internet connection. When thinking about VPN vs remote desktop, this can come in handy if you don’t foresee needing access to certain files stored locally.

RDP or remote desktop even allows you to launch applications, change administrator settings, and perform other tasks as if you were using your computer from your desk. Remote desktop gives you access to shared network resources in addition to the resources on the computer or device that is being controlled.

VPN vs Remote Desktop?

When comparing VPN vs remote desktop there are two main concerns: flexibility and security.

Flexibility. While having some similarities, VPN and remote desktop are functionally different things. A VPN will give you access to a network while remote desktop (or RDP) will give you control of an entire computer.

When you think about VPN vs RDP and what will be the right solution for your company or personal setup, you have to consider what you ultimately need. If you want to have full control over a local computer from a remote location, VPN won’t let you achieve that. If you don’t want to have to pre-plan and pre-emptively share all the folders and files you might need access to in the field, then a remote desktop is the way to go.

Since remote desktop gives you full access to your device from wherever you are, it’s better than a VPN when it comes to flexibility.

Security. As you consider the best way to provide remote access to a network or device, security needs to be a top priority. Any time you open up personal or sensitive data to an outside resource, you have to take into account the security vulnerabilities of your options.

When it comes to VPN vs remote desktop, some security experts recommend using a VPN over a remote desktop connection because of the level of access that remote access connections provide. But Netop’s remote desktop security is highly documented.

What is a RDP Account?

RDP Account or Remote Desktop Account is a normal user account provided in a remote server having decent hardware configuration.
Each RDP Server is shared among ~10 remote desktop accounts. You don’t get administrator access in the server but we do make changes or install the software that you require. All the work you do in your RDP Account are 100% private.

Is Remote desktop Protocol Secure?

Remote Desktop sessions operate over an encrypted channel, preventing anyone from viewing your session by listening on the network. However, there is a vulnerability in the method used to encrypt sessions in earlier versions of RDP.

Is RDP Encrypted?

Whether you already have a remote desktop solution or you’re thinking about implementing one, you’re probably asking yourself, “Is RDP encrypted?” It’s a great question, as encryption is one of the most important steps to ensuring your remote desktop connections are secure. While there are many factors that go into having a secure remote desktop, let’s take a look at how encryption works in the context of RDP.

So, Is RDP Encrypted?

The short answer to, “Is RDP encrypted?” is yes – but that comes with a big caveat. By default, Netop and other remote desktop service providers also create remote connections that are encrypted at the highest possible level.

There are some older versions of RDP software that do not support the highest level of encryption possible today, however. The biggest potential issue when it comes to different levels of encryption is the presence of legacy clients within your remote desktop environment.

The best way to achieve the most secure remote desktop environment possible is to take stock of the various clients within your network and set encryption to the highest possible level supported by the client. Setting encryption levels is key to customization of your security levels.

If you don’t want to dig around and mess with security settings within Microsoft’s built-in RDP, you can always implement an alternative remote desktop solution. Netop provides higher encryption levels than standard RDP encryption for secure remote control. So, the most accurate answer to, “Is RDP encrypted?” is, “Yes, but… you’d be better off using a more secure tool like Netop.”

What is RDP? And how to use it?

he Windows Remote Desktop Connection tool gives users the ability to connect to a remote Windows PC or server over the internet or on a local network, giving them full access to the tools and software installed on it. This is made possible by Microsoft’s own Remote Desktop Protocol (or RDP for short).

All Windows PCs and servers can use RDP to connect to another Windows device, but only certain versions of Windows allow RDP connections. This proprietary protocol rivals the open-source Virtual Network Computing (VNC) protocol commonly used on Linux and other platforms.

How to access Microsoft Remote Desktop on your Mac?

If you need to access Windows applications through your Mac, a remote desktop connection is the way to go. Here’s how to set up and use the connection.

Today’s technology has come a long way in closing the divide between Windows and Mac applications, especially in the enterprise. However, a gap still exists for some and requires a bridge to move between computing environments.

For Mac users, the stalwart tool has been the Microsoft Remote Desktop connection. Available now through the Mac App store, it allows users to remotely connect to a Windows desktop to access local files, applications, and network resources.

In order to get started with Microsoft Remote Desktop, you must begin by downloading it from the Mac App Store.

Once you’ve accessed the Mac App Store, use the search bar at the top right of the screen to search for “Microsoft Remote Desktop.” The first search result should be what you’re looking for. To begin the download, click the blue “Get” button. This app is free, so no price will be listed.

Next, open the application by clicking through the grey “Launchpad” icon and clicking on the Remote Desktop app icon. Or, you can use the searchlight feature by clicking the looking glass at the top right of your home screen, or by using the shortcut Command + Space Bar, and searching for “Microsoft Remote Desktop.”

if you think you’ll be frequently using this remote desktop connection, now would be a good time to set it in your dock. Right click (control + click) on the icon, mouse over “Options,” and click “Keep in Dock.” This will keep you from having to look for the icon every time you need to use it.

Does Linux support Remote Desktop?


Popular Linux distributions don’t have the Remote Desktop server installed but it is possible to install and configure the Remote Desktop server on Linux manually, so as to enable managing a Linux machine remotely in the graphical mode


Can you use Remote Desktop on Android?


Microsoft has quietly released a remote desktop client for Android that is available now at the Google Play store. Remotely accessing a Windows PC can be a convenient way to access files and programs when you can‘t physically be at the same place as the remote PC


Does Windows 10 allow remote desktop connection?


Allow Access to Use Remote Desktop Connection

Click the Start menu from your desktop, and then click Control Panel. … Click System and Security once the Control Panel opens. 3. Click Allow remote access, located under the System tab.


Remote Desktop Connection (Windows 7 / 10) – How to Configure Your Office Computer for a Remote Desktop Connection

Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) is a Microsoft technology that allows a local PC to connect to and control a remote PC over a network or the Internet. Unlike a typical VPN connection (which will give a remote computer access to the Parkland network) Remote Desktop will actually allow you to see and control your Parkland PC as though you were sitting directly in front of it. Remote Desktop is intended to be used by Parkland employees for remote access to their Parkland Windows machine (Remote Desktop for Macs is not available at this time). NOTE: While on campus, you can only use Remote Desktop from a Parkland-owned device.

Enable Remote Desktop Connection:

  1. In Windows 7, navigate to Start Button > Control Panel > System. In Windows 10, search for Remote Desktop and skip to step 4.
  2. Press Advanced System Settings link
  3. Press the Remote tab
  4. On Windows 7, Select Allow connections from computers running any version of Remote Desktop (per the image below).
    On Windows 10, in the Remote Desktop section, select Allow remote connections to this computer. Note: you will then need to UNCHECK the Allow connections only from computers running Remote Desktop with Network Level Authentication
  5. If you get a prompt to change your machine’s sleep/hibernation settings, please click on the “power options” link in blue, select Change when the computer sleeps in the column on the left and in the “Put the computer to sleep” drop down menu, select Never.
  6. There should be no need to click on Select Users as it defaults to allowing access for the person who is signed in to the machine.
  7. Select OK.

How to enable RDP in Kali Linux?

The following steps assumes that you have installed Kali Linux from the latest ISO and did the update procedure:

  • Apt-get update && apt-get upgrade
  • Apt-get dist.-upgrade

In order to install the RDP server, you run the following command from a terminal window:

  • Apt-get install xrdp

After xrdp is installed you can start the server with the following command:

  • Service xrdp start
  • Service xrdp-sesman start (Thanks to Greg for pointing that out) — UPDATE!!
  • If want it to auto start after reboot you need to run this command also:
    update-rc. d xrdp enable (It will not start xrdp-sesman automatic)

Now you should be able to RDP directly into your Kali Linux:

What Ports Does a Remote Desktop Use?

you can remote control your computer in one location from a different location with a Windows utility called Remote Desktop. Remote Desktop enables you to use the Internet to access the computer’s keyboard, mouse and display as though you were physically sitting at the computer. By default, Remote Desktop communicates with your computer over port 3389. If you use a router, you must forward port 3389 on the router to your computer for Remote Desktop to work properly.



It Is developed by Microsoft. RDP is a extension of ITU_T (International Telecommunication Union) Protocol. it is the protocol that is used to connect the local client to the Terminal Server.
It follows ISO Model. RDP uses TCP3389 Port and UDP3389 port. By default virtual channels created by Microsoft to transfer various media types. RDP follows “BIT map cache mechanism”. It can create maximum 64000 virtual channels. RDP uses Proprietary security RSA security using RC4 ciffer . even it can SSL 64218-bit mechanism.
Versions of RDP:

  • So for we are using versions 6.0. and 6.1.
    Version 7.0.
    Version 8.0 and 8.1.
    Current version 10.0.

Can someone spy on my computer?

Answer: With all the different types of spyware and malware floating around, it is natural to wonder if other users can see what you are doing on your computer. The good news is that it is very unlikely.

Most modern operating systems, such as Mac OS X and Windows Vista, have a high level of security that prevents unauthorized access. Even if there is a partial breach in your system’s security, it is still nearly impossible for another user to spy on your system. For example, a major security hole may give an unknown user access to a directory on your hard drive, but he or she would still not be able to “see” your computer. Also, spyware programs may collect data without your knowledge, but this information is only acquired from the spyware program itself, not the rest of the system.

The most likely way for someone to spy on your system is with a Remote Desktop program. These programs, such as PC Anywhere, Windows Remote Desktop Connection (RDC), and Apple Remote Desktop, allow users to view another computer’s screen on their desktop. Of course, the computer being accessed must allow incoming connections for this to happen. This option is typically turned off by default. However, if your computer is part of an office network, you may want to ask the network administrator if your computer has remote access enabled. If so, it may be possible for someone on your local network to view your computer screen.

Fortunately, most remote desktop programs have notifications that alert the user if the computer is being observed by someone else. These notifications may appear in the Task Bar (Windows) or the Menu Bar (Mac). So, if you’re at work and you see an icon that looks like a pair of eyes or a binocular appear somewhere on your desktop, someone may in fact be watching your screen. It might be time to close Solitaire and get back to work.

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